e-Wastes have become problem for the developing nations
e-Waste for short means the waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment. This term is used to describe old, end-of-life or discarded appliances using electricity. It includes computers, consumer electronics, fridges etc which have been disposed of by their original users. e-Waste contains both valuable materials as well as hazardous materials which require special handling and recycling methods. Examples for e-waste are – Computers, LCD screens, cooling appliances, mobile phones, etc. They contain precious metals, flame retarded plastics, CFC foams and many other substances.
Now, a report by the United Nations University reveals that the amount of electronic waste generated every year is growing dramatically. It shows that only 16 percent of e-waste is recycled and reused. Some of the material in the electronic waste contains significant quantities of toxins. These toxins, the report shows, cause kidney and liver damage and impact mental development.
The processes of dismantling and disposing of electronic waste in the third world lead to a number of environmental impacts. Liquid and atmospheric releases end up in bodies of water, groundwater, soil, and air and therefore in land and sea animals – both domesticated and wild, in crops eaten by both animals and human, and in drinking water.
So the e wastes should be carefully recycled, so that, the world can b e protected from the impacts of e-wastes.